Aristo Developing Skills Book 5 Set B Paper 3 Answer.pdf.17 NEW!
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Aristo Developing Skills Book 5 Set B Paper 3 Answer.pdf.17
In this book, Aristotle focuses on the properties and effects of colors. He notes that the same color has different effects on the same objects based on the properties of those objects, so that the same red color on a green object will produce a different effect than the same red color on a white object. He also develops a theory of how objects receive colors by noticing that objects emit rays which are reflected from other objects. He notes that colors can be analyzed by using the reflected rays, which travel from the source to the observer in straight lines. He suggests that certain colors affect the eyes and nerves differently based on which colors are reflected to produce the strongest effects.
Examples show why Aristotle requires logic to deal with statements about the existence of entities in the past. Thus, the statement Aristotle is a philosopher indicates that Aristotle was not a man at some time in the past; whereas Aristotle was a philosopher at a particular time indicates that he was a philosopher at one time but not at another. In developing the arguments that can serve as the premise of an syllogistic argument, one needs to distinguish between the past and future, whether the argument is demonstrative or dialectical, how to deal with categorical propositions, and how to deal with complete and incomplete propositions. Moreover, Aristotle holds that simple premises must be perfect if the truth of a statement depends on the truth of its premise. Logical reasoning from imperfect premises to a syllogism that is not perfectly true is fallacious (HA Poetic).
The Principles of Thought, the fifth book of Aristotle’s Categories, presents the structure of knowledge. It provides a definition of thought, a division of thought into types, an account of how syllogisms form knowledge, and a definition of a syllogism and its main forms. It also explains various logical problems such as the paradoxes of the liar and of the bivalve and the syllogisms that prove the existence of God, that the world exists, or that a man has a soul. Aristotle also defines syllogistic argument, and provides some of its components including the subjects of the premises, the conclusion, and the middle terms. Aristotle includes rules for how to construct a syllogism and cases of syllogistic fallacies and difficulties that arise when given an infirm syllogism.
Aristotle’s On Rhetoric was the first book in rhetoric to be written. It was the first explicit discussion of the theory of rhetoric, as well as the first practical manual of rhetoric. It provides the theory of speech and the manner in which people use speech and shows the importance of three things in rhetoric; ethos, pathos and logos.
Aristotle believes that sound is the source of all thought. In the first six books of the Physics, he states that the first motion of air causes the formation of sound, the motions of the percussion of air and the reverberations of the air that return to the source of the sound and cause stillness (PV, 142a15-19). Consequently, he believes, people can think only through sound. The whole of philosophy is reduced to the understanding of sound, because the object of thought is the motions of the air and the body that produce these motions (DA 1a11). Similarly, in the Nicomachean Ethics, he supposes that since everything that affects the living things is immediately subject to the nous, the first things that we sense have shape and, therefore, are images of other things (NE 1094a10-b27).